Historical justice is now to be reestablished in what concerns the interpretations by the French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville of the USA and Russia. For Americans, in his opinion, freedom was above all; for Russians, it was commitment, duty, service to the Fatherland and certainly not slavery, as translations and quotes testify. The time has come to rehabilitate the reputation of Tocqueville’s works as well as the Russian people from the charges fabricated in the 1st third of the XIX century against Russia for inclination towards slavery and despotism. This politico-linguistic research testifies that the individual interest and a choice of actions without restriction of force are routine in America. This, in particular, still serves as an explanation of some essential features of the American mentality and the free access to weapons. The concept of slavery has always been peripheral for the Russian people. The error of translation and quotation occurred because of negligence of authors to the meaning of nuances of the French word servitude. In the original Tocqueville’s text, there is no term slavery as well as no direct indications of slavery in the Russian Empire. For Russians, the service to their Fatherland, liability to the Homeland, the obligation, responsibility, but not slavery, remained the core and constant cultural attributes through centuries.

 

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USA and Russia:
historical injustice from the times of Tocqueville


Savoysky A.G.,

Cand. Sci. (Pol. Sci.), Doctorate School, Peoples Friendship University of Russia, «Sail of Hope», Interregional Public Charitable Organization (Moscow) in Special Consultative Status with ECOSOC in the UN, Representative to the UN (New York), asavoysky@gmail.com


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2015.01.14
ID of the Article: 4951

Rubric: Version

For citation:

Savoysky A.G. USA and Russia: historical injustice from the times of Tocqueville. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No 1. P. 165-172 (In Russ.) . DOI: https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2015.01.14



Abstract

Historical justice is now to be reestablished in what concerns the interpretations by the French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville of the USA and Russia. For Americans, in his opinion, freedom was above all; for Russians, it was commitment, duty, service to the Fatherland and certainly not slavery, as translations and quotes testify. The time has come to rehabilitate the reputation of Tocqueville’s works as well as the Russian people from the charges fabricated in the 1st third of the XIX century against Russia for inclination towards slavery and despotism. This politico-linguistic research testifies that the individual interest and a choice of actions without restriction of force are routine in America. This, in particular, still serves as an explanation of some essential features of the American mentality and the free access to weapons. The concept of slavery has always been peripheral for the Russian people. The error of translation and quotation occurred because of negligence of authors to the meaning of nuances of the French word servitude. In the original Tocqueville’s text, there is no term slavery as well as no direct indications of slavery in the Russian Empire. For Russians, the service to their Fatherland, liability to the Homeland, the obligation, responsibility, but not slavery, remained the core and constant cultural attributes through centuries.

 

Keywords
Russia; USA; Tocqueville; freedom; slavery; obligation; responsibility; service.


Content No 1, 2015

See also:


Gutorov V.A.,
Alexis de Tocqueville VS Astolphe de Custine: Scientific Discovery or Trivial Aberration?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No4

Mitropolitski S.,
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Round Table of the «Polis» Journal, Chugrov S.V., Kokareva A.N., Krasin Yu.A., Galkin A.A., Solovyov A.I., Petukhov V.V., Fedotova V.G., Peregudov S.P., Ratz M.V., Shestopal Ye.B., Nisnevich Yu.A., Zubov A.B., Solovey V.D., Kochetkov A.P., Khaliy I.A., Nikovskaya L.I., Glinchikova A.G., Kozlova G.A., Neklessa A.I., Podyachev K.V., Bardin A.L.,
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Nisnevich Yu.A.,
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Tretyakov V.T.,
The U.S. and Russia under Trump and Putin: One Against the Other, Apart, or Together?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No6

 
 

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