The End of the Great Russian Revolution?

Kozhokin Ye.M. ,

Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Professor, Vice Rector, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University), MFA of Russia. Moscow, Russia,

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2017.06.08
ID of the Article: 5332

For citation:

Kozhokin Ye.M. The End of the Great Russian Revolution? – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No 6. P. 109-124 (In Russ.) . DOI:

   Buy a digital version in Polismag


The author considers the influence of the Russian Revolution of 1917 on the entire subsequent history of Russia and draws a conclusion that the year 1917 was a very special period not only in the history of Russia, but also in global political practice. The article proves the existence in the Russian history of certain crisis cycles, provoked by the revolution. Now Russia is facing broader opportunities to get out of the revolutionary crisis cycles. The author believes that in Russia the political culture is gradually changing – not only in form, but also in deeper content. A challenging ascent to the rule of law is a movement toward a republican political culture. However, it is necessary for the people of power and people of opposition to develop respect for the republican values, overcoming the chronic disease of disrespect for their own people, which is characteristic for frank supporters of authoritarian forms of government suffer, as well as for people who consider themselves liberals. Russia is gradually leaving the old Russian path of the movement from authoritarian calm to turmoil, rebellion, revolution and back to the authoritarian order. However, this process of transforming political culture has not yet been completed. This will require considerable efforts. 

Russia; The Great Russian Revolution; revolution; political culture.

   Buy a digital version in Polismag

Berdyaev N. Filosofiya neravenstva. Pis’ma k nedrugam po sotsial’noy filosofii [Philosophy of Inequality. Letters to Foes in Social Philosophy]. – Berdyaev N. Sobraniye sochineniy [Collected Works]. Vol. 4. Paris: YMCA-Press. 1990. P. 253-286. (In Russ.)

Block A. Sobraniye sochineniy v shesti tomakh [Collected Works in Six Volumes]. Vol. 1. Moscow: Pravda Publishers.1990. 480 p. (In Russ.)

Braudel F. La Méditerranée et le monde méditerranéen à l’époque de Philippe. Paris: Armand Colin. 1949. 637 p.

Braudel F. Histoire et sciences sociales: La longue durée. – Annales. Économies, Sociétés, Civilisations. 1958. Vol. 13. No. 4. P. 725-753. URL: (accessed 14.09.2017).

Brusilov A.A. Moi vospominaniya [My Memories]. Minsk: Harvest. 2003. 432 p. (In Russ.)

Dal’ V. Tolkovyy slovar’ zhivogo velikorusskogo yazyka [Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language]. In 4 volumes. Vol. 1: A-Z. T. 1: A-Z. Moscow: TERRA. 1995. 800 p. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 14.09.2017).

Fedyuk V.P. Russkaya revolyutsiya v kontekste mirovoy voyny [The Russian Revolution in the Context of WWII]. – Frantsiya i Rossiya, 1914-1918 gg. Ot al’yansa k sotrudnichestvu [France and Russia, 1914-1918. From the Alliance to Cooperation. Ed. by A.V. Uryadova, Z. Arrignon]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. 2015. P. 189-202.

Lenin V.I. Revolyutsionnyy avantyurizm [Revolutionary Adventurism]. – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 6. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1963. P. 377-398. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. S chego nachat’? [Where to Start?] – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 5. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1967. P. 3-13. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. Neskol’ko tezisov [Several Theses]. – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 27. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1969. P. 48-51. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. Revolyutsionnyy proletariat i pravo natsiy na samoopredeleniye [The Revolutionary Proletariat and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination]. – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 27. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1969. P. 61-68. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. Porazheniye Rossii i revolyutsionnyy krizis [Defeat of Russia and the Revolutionary Crisis]. – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 27. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1969. P. 26-30. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. Predisloviye k rabote “Imperializm, kak vysshaya stadiya kapitalizma” [Foreword to the Work “Imperialism, as the Highest Stage of Capitalism”]. – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 27. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1969. P. 301-302. (In Russ.)

Lenin V.I. “Dobrovol’noye soglasheniye” mezhdu pomeshchikami i krest’yanami? [“A Voluntary Agreement” between Landlords and Peasants?] – Polnoye sobraniye sochineniy [Full Collected Works]. Fifth ed. Vol. 31. Moscow: Izdatel’stvo politicheskoy literatury. 1969. P. 234.

Nikolayenko A. Kratkaya istoriya rabochego klassa v Rossii [A Brief History of the Working Class in Russia]. Moscow – Leningrad: Gudok. 1926. 323 p. (In Russ.)

Nikon (Rozhdestvenskiy), Archbishop. Pravoslaviye i gryadushchiye sud’by Rossii [Orthodoxy and the Fate of Russia]. Moscow: Svyato-Uspenskiy Pskovo-Pecherskiy monastyr’; Novaya kniga. 1994. 494 p. (In Russ.)

Pobedonostsev i yego korrespondenty. Pis’ma i zapiski s predisloviyem M.N. Pokrovskogo [Pobedonostsev and His Correspondents. Letters and Notes with a Foreword by M.N. Pokrovsky]. Vol. 1 [and the only], in two semivolumes. Moscow – Petrograd: Gosudarstvennoye izdatel’stvo. 1923. 1147 p. (In Russ.)

Rossiya 1917 goda v ego-dokumentakh. Vospominaniya [Russia in 1917 in Ego-Documents. Memories]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. 2016. 510 p. (In Russ.)

Rudnitsky A.Yu. On the “Ukrainian Issue” during the WW1. – International Affairs. 2015. № 14. P. 97-131. (In Russ.)

Shestakov I.A. Polveka obyknovennoy zhizni. Vospominaniya (1838-1881 gg.) [Half a Century of Ordinary Life. Memories (1838-1881)]. Saint Petersburg: Sudostroyeniye. 2006. 784 p. (In Russ.)

Shul’gin V. Posledniy ochevidets. Memuary. Ocherki. Sny [The Last Eyewitness. Memoirs. Essays. Dreams]. Moscow: OLMA-PRESS. 2002. 588 p. (In Russ.)

Trotsky L.D. Moya zhizn’. Opyt avtobiografii [My Life. Experience of Autobiography]. Moscow: Panorama. 1991. 624 p. (In Russ.)

Zinoviev A.A. Ispoved’ otshchepentsa [Confession of a Renegade]. Moscow: Astrel’. 2008. 605 p. (In Russ.) 

Content No 6, 2017

See also:

Pantin I.K.,
Russian revolution as a problem of political philosophy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No5

Pastukhov V.B.,
Ukrainian revolution and Russian counter-revolution. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No5

Pantin I.K.,
«Orange» pills for russian diseases. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6

Pastukhov V.B.,
«Perestroika» – second round. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No1

Grinin L.Ye., Korotayev A.V.,
Revolution vs. Democracy (revolution and conterrevolution in Egypt). – Polis. Political Studies. 2014. No3



   2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991