Expert Opinion: Image of the Ideal Politician in Russia
Analyst, Expert-Analytical Center Ranepa, email@example.com
Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Director, Expert-Analytical Center Ranepa, Moscow, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
elibrary_id: 636895 |
The article presents a detailed analysis of the online survey, aimed at defining the image of the ideal political figure in Russia, i.e. demands from the society and from the government, the specific characteristics of policies and criteria for success in politics, the possible obstacles to its achievement. The method of research is the expert survey of 174 professionals from public administration and policy, scientific and business communities. The experts were selected based on recommendations from other experts; all experts have at least 5 years’ professional or academic experience in the field of research, have contributed to science and on constant basis take part in sessions and meetings held by the authorities. This article contains results of the analysis of social and psychological factors, which influence the formation process of the image of a politician. Further, we describe the characteristic features of political leaders, as well as analyze the experts’ associative array on the term “political leader” and show the purposes of those who engage in politics. During the analysis, some interesting facts about the criteria of political success have been established. For instance, participants of the survey identified the stages of life, events and situations that affect political success. To conclude, there is a request for a strong and credible political leader in Russia, who is a professional, an effective manager (with the experience of making important management decisions and the correct prediction of socio-political situation). It is also notable that transparency was called one of the most important characteristics of an ideal politician’s behavior.
Artemov G.P. Politicheskaya sotsiologiya [Political Sociology]. Moscow: Logos. 2002. 280 p. (In Russ.)
Baluev D.G., Barsukov I.V. Image of Political Institution in the Modern Political Process. – Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya. Politologiya. Regionovedenie. Vestnik Nizhegorodskogo universiteta im. N.I. Lobachevskogo. 2014. No. 2 (1). P. 328‑332. (In Russ.)
Bourdieu P. Espace social et pouvoir symbolique (Russ. ed.: Bourdieu P. Sotsial’noe prostranstvo i simvolicheskaya vlast’. Moscow: Institut eksperimental’noi sotsiologii; Saint Petersburg: Aleteiya. 2007. P. 64‑86).
Garzia D. The Personalization of Politics in Western Democracies: Causes and Consequences on Leader-follower Relationships. – The Leadership Quarterly. 2011. Vol. 22. No. 4. P. 697‑709. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.leaqua.2011.05.010
Krivoruchko M.V. The Impact of Attitude Towards Leading Political Parties and their Leaders on the Images of Ideal and Typical Political Leaders. – Vestnik Omskogo universiteta. Seriya “Psikhologiya”. 2009. No. 1. P. 36‑47. (In Russ.)
Politicheskoe konsul’tirovanie. Pod red. E.V. Egorovoi-Gantman, I.E. Mintusova [Political Consulting. Ed. by E.V. Egorova-Gantman, I.E. Mintusov]. Moscow: Nikkolo-Media. 2002. 471 p.
Round Table of the “Polis” Journal. Leaders’ Images in Mass Consciousness on the Eve of the Presidential Elections. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No. 4. P. 160‑174. (In Russ.) URL: http://www.politstudies.ru/ files/File/2012/4/14.pdf
Shestopal E.B. Psikhologicheskii profil’ rossiiskoi politiki 1990-kh: Teoreticheskie i prikladnye problemy politicheskoi psikhologii [Psychological Profile of Russian Politics in the 1990s: Theoretical and Applied Problems of Political Psychology]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. 2000. 431 p. (In Russ.)
Weber M. Ausgewählte Werke. (Russ. ed.: Weber M. Izbrannye proizvedeniya. Moscow: Progress. 1990. 808 p.)
Political Leader in the Public Administration Environment, or Who Is the Man of the House?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No2
Shestopal Ye.B., Rogach N.N.,
Representations of an “Ideal” as a Factor of the Perception of a Political Leader in Reality. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No4
Zverev A.L., Palitay I.S., Smulkina N.V., Rogozar A.I.,
Specifics of Political Perception in Contemporary Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No3
Pishcheva T.N., Vinogradova N.S., Nedova A.D.,
The image of Russia through prisms of political communications. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4
Kolosov V.A., Zotova M.V.,
Russian citizens’ geopolitical worldview: why Russia is not Europe?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No5