The early 20th century russian revolutions:
the lessons for the present

For citation:

Mironov B.N. The early 20th century russian revolutions: the lessons for the present. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No. 5. P. 33-47. (In Russ.)


In the theory of modernization, it is comparative improvement of the conditions of life of the population that is considered the main criterion of modernization success. The author of the article turns the reader’s attention to certain real modernization in Russia in the late 18th to the early 20th centuries, revealed rather recently (by historians). He also exploits analytical data illustrating the rise of the living standards in Russia – the well-being of the population that went on growing cyclically within the period of 120 years from the end of the 18th century up to the First world war. As is proved in the article, the early 20th century Russian revolutions were not called forth by the country’s having entered a general permanent crisis after the Great reforms of the 1860s – they occurred, instead, because the society had not coped by the time with the problems generated by the accelerated modernization.

Content No. 5, 2011

See also:

Khoros V.G.,
On the causes of the russian revolution. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No5

Kulpin E.S.,
The globalizing world and political modernization. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No3

Round Table of the «Polis» Journal, Streltsov D.V., Chugrov S.V., Karelova L.B., Oznobishchev S.K.,
Russia and Japan. Part II. View from Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2014. No1

Romanov D.M., Meshcherina K.V., Korotaev A.V.,
The Share of Youth in the Total Population as a Factor of Intensity of Non-Violent Protests: A Quantitative Analysis. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No3

Rozov N.S.,
The Vector of Russian 1917 Revolution: Modernization or Counter-Modernization?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No2



Introducing an article

Polis. Political Studies
6 2008

Pakulski J., Wasilewski J.
Political Elites’ Circulation: from Foxes to Lions

 The article text


   2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991