Soviet Past in Value, Image and Symbolic Space of Russian Identity

Yevgenyeva T.V.,

Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Associate Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia,

Selezneva A.V.,

Cand. Sci. (Pol. Sci.), Associate Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia,

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2016.03.04
ID of the Article: 5130

For citation:

Yevgenyeva T.V., Selezneva A.V. Soviet Past in Value, Image and Symbolic Space of Russian Identity. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No 3. P. 25-39 (In Russ.) . DOI:


The article analyzes social, cultural and psychological bases of Soviet image, value and symbolic actualization in modern Russia. The data from political values and images of the Soviet past in the study of mass consciousness of Russian citizens, on the one hand, and image and symbolic space of the political communication of public institutions, political parties and public organizations of the Russian Federation, on the other, is analyzed. The analysis is based on the political and psychological concept of national identity which involves the study of the three components of this phenomenon: the political images, the political values and symbols. The analysis defined the main stages of transformation of the Soviet past representation in the citizens’ mind and in public policy of the post-Soviet period: the stage of destruction of the Soviet image of the world (1990-ies.), the stage of fragmentary interest (2000s.) and the stage of system-functional actualization (2010-ies.). The authors show that actualization of Soviet imagery and symbols, which are generally deprived of the ideological component, is currently in process. Perceptions of earlier historical epochs are not symbolically significant for the citizens and are fragmentary represented by the mass media in connection with some events or anniversaries, while the image of the Soviet past is firmly stored in the people’s historical memory and is transmitted to the next generations. The study concludes, that the appeal to images and values of the Soviet past (deprived, as a rule, of their ideological component) was a response to the ongoing process of finding value, image and symbolic bases for Russian national identity. 

identity; national identity; political images; political values; symbols; symbolic policy; Soviet past; stereotype turning.

Content No 3, 2016

See also:

Yevgenyeva T.V., Titov V.V.,
Nation-State Identity Formation of the Russian Youth. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4

Pushkaryova G.V.,
Ideas and Values as a Method of Constructing Symbolic Space of the National Identity. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No5

Semenenko I.S., Lapkin V.V., Pantin V.I.,
Identity in the system of coordinates of the world development. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No3

Zvyagelskaya I.D.,
Symbols and Values in International Relations in the Middle East. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No1

Smorgunov L.V.,
Political identity and the concept of the political. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No6



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