Factors of Emergence and Reproduction of Inter-ethnic Tension in Theoretical Perspective


Chernysh M.F.,

Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Deputy Director for Science, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences, mfche@yandex.ru

elibrary_id: 235258 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2016.05.03
For citation:

Chernysh M.F. Factors of Emergence and Reproduction of Inter-ethnic Tension in Theoretical Perspective. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No. 5. P. 25-36. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.05.03



Abstract

The article presents theoretical reflections on the phenomenon of inter-ethnic tension, which characterizes relations between ethnic groups that are in contact with each other. As a rule, the studies of inter-ethnic tension define it as a state of group consciousness of two or more ethnic groups with manifest aversion or hostility to each other. Inter-ethnic tension is often bolstered by emerging ethnic consciousness. The group consciousness revives the complexes of the “people that endured suffering” and that have “legitimate rights” ought to be recognized by the authorities and other ethnic groups. The rise of ethnic consciousness leads to a situation when most social problems are viewed as having ethnically- based causes. Among other ethnic groups ethnic consciousness chooses a “culprit” that has to amend for the past grievances. Inter-ethnic tension is often used by various social forces as an effective means of mobilization that assists in defending the economic and political interests of one of the factions of local or federal elites. In sociology, the problem of inter-ethnic tension is regarded as mobilization affected by economic, social and cultural factors. Aversive attitudes pose as one of the significant factors contributing to inter-ethnic tension. Aversive attitudes presuppose a latent rejection of an ethnic group in the form of avoidance of contacts with it and attributing it with negative characteristics. Research results show that the process of attribution is influenced by practices in which large groups of the population are involved, as well as by social relations in the society. Aversive attitudes are resilient to change and can persist even in a close ethno-contact situation with ethnic groups finding themselves in close relations. In a situation of social conflict aversive attitudes mutate into violence-laden attitudes. The state of inter-ethnic tension is dependent on many factors embedded in culture, social and economic relations. Therefore the study of the phenomenon requires a complex approach that includes a sum of circumstances in which ethnic groups find themselves.

Keywords
social group; ethnic group; ethnic consciousness; rise of ethnic consciousness; inter-ethnic tension; conflict; aversive attitudes; inter-ethnic border; ethno-contact situation.


Content No. 5, 2016

See also:


Gavrilova M.V.,
Explication of politician’s ideological representations: linguistico-cognitive approach. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No3

Farukshin M.Kh.,
Institutional Foundations of Ethnic Federations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No2

Semenenko I.S., Lapkin V.V., Pantin V.I.,
Classifying Ethnic Conflicts: Challenges for Political Theory and Methodology. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No6

Zaykov K.S., Maksimov A.M., Tamitskiy A.M., Troshina T.I.,
Ethnosocial Situation in Arctic Regions of Russia and the State National Policy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No2

Sokolov M.M.,
Class as Ethnic: Rhetoric of the Russian Radical Nationalist Movement. – Polis. Political Studies. 2005. No2

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
4 2013


Hösle V.
On the relation of morals and politics

 Полный текст
 

Archive

   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991