Balance of State Interests and Human Rights in Perception of Russians:
Empirical Analysis


Tikhonova N.Ye.,

Professor-Researcher, National Research University Higher School of Economics; Principal Researcher, Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, ntihonova@hse.ru

elibrary_id: 71905 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2018.05.11
Rubric: Russia Today

For citation:

Tikhonova N.Ye. Balance of State Interests and Human Rights in Perception of Russians: Empirical Analysis. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No. 5. P. 134-149. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2018.05.11



Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the current state and dynamics of Russians’ views on the relationship between state interests and human rights from mid-1990s through 2017. On the basis of a series of all-Russian representative surveys it is shown that in the 1990s, despite the state’s refusal to fulfill some of its key functions, domination of the norm of the priority of the state interests over human rights (traditional for Russia) still remained due to the inertia of the norms and values system. However, in the late 1990s the process of changes in Russians’ attitude to the right of the state to realize its interests at the cost of human rights (and, consequently, its right to legitimize violence against citizens), as well as to the right of individual to have his own interests and to protect them in any way, was initiated. In the 2000s, this process accelerated, and now, for the first time in the recent history of Russia, the norm of the priority of state interests over human rights has lost its dominance. The Russian society is currently split into two polar groups comprising about 20% of population each, while the rest of the population forms the “silent majority” without any clear position on this issue. For Russia, such situation marks the beginning of a “silent revolution,” the consequences of which can be enormous, since in neo-etacratic societies the norm of priority of the state interests over human rights lies in the foundation of their “institutional matrix”. It is also demonstrated that interest in political rights and democratic freedoms is not a feature of supporters of the human rights priority in Russia; for them, it is primarily about socio-economic rights. Moreover, they, like Russians in general, are largely convinced that the Western way of development is unsuitable for our country. 

Keywords
public conscience; human rights; state interests; socio-cultural modernization; political modernization; evolution of Russians’ mindset; norms and values system; socio-cultural dynamics.


References

25 let rossiiskikh reform [25 Years of Russian Reforms]. Ed. by Gorshkov M.K., Petukhov V.V. Moscow: Ves Mir. 2018. 384 p. (In Russ.)

Atlas modernizatsii Rossii i ee regionov: sotsioekonomicheskie i sotsiokul’turnye tendentsii i problemy [The Atlas of Modernization of Russia and Its Regions: Socioeconomic and Sociocultural Tendencies and Problems]. Ed. by Lapin N.I. Moscow: Ves Mir. 2016. 360 p. (In Russ.)

Cennosti kul’tury i modeli ehkonomicheskogo povedeniya [Values of culture and models of economic behavior]. 2011. Ed. by Lebedeva N.M., Tatarko A.N. Мoscow: Sputnik+. 390 p. (In Russ.)

Kirdina S.G. Institutsional’nye matritsy i razvitie Rossii [Institutional Matrices and Development of Russia]. Moscow: TEIS. 2000. 213 p. (In Russ.)

Latova N.V. Cultural specificity of Russians (Ethnometric Analysis Based on the Concept of G. Hofstede). – Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology. 2016. No. 19. P. 155-179. (In Russ.)

Lezhnina Yu.P. Sem’ya i deti v zhizni rossiyan: dinamika predstavlenii o zhelaemom i real’nost’ [Family and Children in the Lives of Russians: the Dynamics of Desired and Reality]. – Stolitsy i regiony v sovremennoi Rossii: mify i real’nost’ pyatnadtsat’ let spustya [Capitals and Regions in Modern Russia: Myths and Reality: Fifteen Years After]. Moscow: Ves Mir. 2018. P. 92-113. (In Russ.)

Magun V.S., Rudnev M.G., Schmidt P. European Value Typology and Basic Values of Russians. – Bulletin of Public Opinion. Data. Analysis. Discussions. 2015. Vol. 121. No. 3-4. P. 74-93. (In Russ.)

Mareeva S.V. Dynamics of Normative-Value Systems of Russians: the Age Section. – Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya. 2013. No. 7. P. 120-130. (In Russ.)

Mareeva S.V. Normative-Value System of Russians: Specificity and Dynamics. – Social Sciences and Contemporary World Journal. 2012. No. 3. P. 22–32. (In Russ.)

Nureev R.M., Latov Yu.V. When and Why the Ways of Development of Russia and Western Europe Disbanded (Approach from the Position of Institutional Economic History). – Mir Rossii. 2011. Vol. 20. No 4. P. 24-67. (In Russ.)

Pliskevich N. “Power-property” in Modern Russia: the Origin and Prospects of Mutation. – Mir Rossii. 2006. Vol. 15. No. 3. P. 62-113. (In Russ.)

Shkaratan O.I. Formation of Post-Soviet Neoetakratism. – Social Sciences and Contemporary World Journal. 2009. No. 1. P. 5-22. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E. Dynamics of Socio-Cultural Modernization in Russia. – Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i sotsial’naya praktika. 2013. No. 1. P. 24-34. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E. Socio-Cultural Modernization in Russia (Experience of Empirical Analysis). Article 1. – Social Sciences and Contemporary World Journal. 2008. No. 2. P. 5-23. (In Russ.)

Tikhonova N.E. Socio-Cultural Modernization in Russia (Experience of Empirical Analysis). Article 2. – Social Sciences and Contemporary World Journal. 2008. No. 3. P. 5-20. (In Russ.)

Vasiliev L.S. Evolyuciya obshchestva. Tipy obshchestva i ih transformaciya [Evolution of society. Types of society and their transformation]. M.: KDU. 2011. 206 p. (In Russ.)  

Content No. 5, 2018

See also:


Semenenko I.S.,
Globalization and Socio-Cultural Dynamics: Individual, Society, Culture. – Polis. Political Studies. 2003. No1

Kulpin E.S.,
The globalizing world and political modernization. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No3

Akhiyezer A.S.,
'Russia's Sociocultural Dynamics .. – Polis. Political Studies. 1991. No5

Sungurov A.Yu.,
Human rights as subject of political science and as interdisciplinary conception. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6

Smirnov V.V.,
The human rights political science and political rights in Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
5 2015


Platonov V.M.
Shaping The Elections Mechanism. How It Was in Moscow

 Полный текст
 

Archive

   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991