Bastions of Tradition:
The Ethnic Factor and Machine Politics in the Russian Regions


Shkel S.N.,

Senior Researcher, Center for Comparative History and Politics Studies, Perm State National Research University; Professor, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, stas-polit@yandex.ru

elibrary_id: 482517 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2019.01.05
For citation:

Shkel S.N. Bastions of Tradition: The Ethnic Factor and Machine Politics in the Russian Regions. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No. 1. P. 49-70. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2019.01.05



Abstract

Of those political machines created by governors in the mid-1990s in the Russian regions, the most effective were those in the national republics. Several reasons contributed to this, the main ones being the density of patronage networks among the ethnic minorities in the countryside, the economic legacy of the Soviet era, as well as the politicization and institutionalization of ethnicity. All this allowed the regional elites to integrate ethnic minorities into the clientelistic structure of distributing symbolic and material goods in exchange for their electoral support. However, at the present stage the autonomy of the national republics has been reduced by the federal authorities. Based on analysis of the results of 2018 presidential elections, the article examines the electoral consequences of changes in the relations between the center and the regions and of changes in the functioning of regional political machines. The analysis enabled us to realize the diversification of the electoral behavior of ethnic minorities in different republics. Based on a comparative analysis of five regions of Russia, the author explains the reasons for this diversification. 

Keywords
ethnic politics, political machines, sub-national authoritarianism, elections, electoral processes, regions of Russia.


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Content No. 1, 2019

See also:


Round Table of the «Polis» Journal, Gaman-Golutvina O.V., Avdonin V.S., Sergeyev S.A., Chernikova V.V., Sidenko O.A., Sokolov A.V., Evdokimov N.A., Tupaev A.V., Slatinov V.B., Zhukov I.K., Kozlova N.N., Rassadin S.V., Chugrov S.V.,
Regional political processes: how «subjective» are subjects of the RF. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No5

Turovsky R.F.,
Regional Political Regimes in Russia: to the Methodology of Analysis. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No2

Turchenko M.S.,
Electoral Malpractices around the World. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No5

Sirotkina E.V., Karandashova S.A.,
Loyalty of Elites and Gubernatorial Elections: the Role of Pre-electoral Conflicts in the Voting Outcome. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No6

Korgunyuk Yu.G.,
The 2012-2014 Party Reform and the Structure of the Electoral Divides in Russia’s Regions. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No4

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
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Pantin I.K.
Russian revolution as a problem of political philosophy

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