Freedom vs Security? Europe and Mass Immigration


Kholodkovskii K.G.,

Principal Researcher, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences, holgrig@mail.ru

elibrary_id: 72944 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2019.02.06
For citation:

Kholodkovskii K.G. Freedom vs Security? Europe and Mass Immigration. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No. 2. P. 79-91. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2019.02.06



Abstract

The article analyzes the threats associated with mass foreign cultural immigration to Europe. The key threats considered by the author are the growing number of terrorist acts and the erosion of European identity. Despite serious concerns about these threats, the efforts of European governments are generally limited to palliative counter-measures. The author shows that the transition to a more effective policy in this sphere is hindered by dogmatically interpreted postulates of liberal democracy. In the first place, it is the unconditional, without regard to a specific situation, prevalence of freedom values in public relations, which leads to underestimation of security needs. Multicultural policy adopted in many European countries resulted primarily in the isolation of Muslim immigrants. The problem of mass immigration requires new approaches and solutions. The article examines possible prospects for the development of the situation and discusses the problem of the relationship between freedom and security in real politics.

Keywords
foreign cultural immigration, terrorism, Islam, European identity, freedom, security, tolerance, multiculturalism, interculturalism..


References

Europe’s Growing Muslim Population. 2017. Pew Research Center. URL: http://www.pewforum.org/2017/11/29/europes-growing-muslim-population/ (accessed 10.02.2019).

Pertici A. 2016. Terrorismo e diritti della persona. – Questione Giustizia. No. 1. P. 26-54. URL: http://www.questionegiustizia.it/speciale/pdf/QG-Speciale_2016-1.pdf (accessed 10.02.2019).

 

Bardin A.L. 2016. The Problem of Migration in German Academic Discourse. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 6. P. 183-188. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2016.06.13

Baum G. 2015. Spasti prava grazhdan. Svoboda ili bezopasnost’? Polemicheskie zametki [Save the Rights of Citizens. Freedom or Security? Polemical Notes]. Moscow: Sektor. (In Russ.)

Berson A.B. 2011. European Metropolis and Multiculturalism: Degree of Compatibility. – Contemporary Europe. No. 1. P. 57-69. (In Russ.)

ES pered vyzovom migratsionnogo krizisa. Pozitsii evropeiskikh stran. 2016. Pod red. N.K. Arbatovoi, A.M. Kokeeva [EU in the Face of Migration Crisis. Positions of European Countries. Ed. by N.K. Arbatova, A.M. Kokeev]. Moscow: IMEMO RAN.

Integratsiya inokul’turnykh migrantov: perspektivy interkul’turalizma. 2018. Otv. red. I.P. Tsapenko, I.V. Grishin [Integration of Migrants wth Different Cultural Background: Prospects of Interculturalism. Ed. by I.P. Tsapenko, I.V. Grishin]. Moscow: IMEMO RAN.

Preobrazhenskaya A.A. 2013. Etnosotsial’nye problemy vo frantsuzskom obshchestve [Ethnosocial Problems in French Society]. – Novye faktory global’nogo i regional’nogo razvitiya: obostrenie etnokul’turnykh protivorechii. Pod red. E.Sh. Gontmakhera, N.V. Zagladina, I.S. Semenenko [Global Crisis and Its Aftereffects: Increase of Ethnic-Social-Cultural Contradictions. Ed. by E.Sh. Gontmakher, N.V. Zagladin, I.S. Semenenko]. Moscow: IMEMO RAN. P. 92-98. (In Russ.)

Semenenko I.S. 2006. Integration of Communities with Different Cultural Background in Developed Countries. – The World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 10. P. 58-68. (In Russ).

Vainshtein G.I. 2013. Etnokul’turnyi konflikt v Evrope: spetsifika, dinamika i nekotorye ego politicheskie posledstviya [Ethnocultural Conflict in Europe: Specificity, Dynamics and Some of Its Political Consequences]. – Novye faktory global’nogo i regional’nogo razvitiya: obostrenie etnokul’turnykh protivorechii. Pod red. E.Sh. Gontmakhera, N.V. Zagladina, I.S. Semenenko [Global Crisis and Its Aftereffects: Increase of Ethnic-Social-Cultural Contradictions. Ed. by E.Sh. Gontmakher, N.V. Zagladin, I.S. Semenenko]. Moscow: IMEMO RAN. P. 64-78. (In Russ.)

Vilovatykh A.V. 2017. European Union in the Grip of Migration Crisis. – National Strategy Issues. Vol. 2. No. 41. P. 76-94. (In Russ.)

Vimont P. 2017. Migration in Europe: Bridging the Solidarity Gap. (Russ. ed.: Vimont P. Migratsiya v Evrope: preodolenie krizisa solidarnosti. Moscow: Moscow Carnegie Center).

Vivian Ch. 2009. Security and Freedom. – Obshchaya tetrad’. Vol. 3. No. 49. URL: http://otetrad.ru/article-550.html (accessed 10.02.2019). (In Russ.)

Voitolovskii F.G. 2007. Edinstvo i razobshchennost’ Zapada: ideologicheskoe otrazhenie v soznanii elit SShA i Zapadnoi Evropy transformatsii miroporyadka. 1940-2000 gody [Unity and Disunity of the West: The Ideological Reflection in the Minds of the Elites of the United States and Western Europe of the Transformations of the World Order. 1940-2000]. Moscow: Kraft. 

Content No. 2, 2019

See also:


Ponamaryova A.M., Tatuntz S.A.,
Immigration as problem of national security of the RF. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4

Kartzov A.S.,
Human rights and tolerance. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6

Davydov Yu.P., Schulze P., Albrecht U., Fogt K., Grinin V.M., Erler H., Zaricky B.E., Penkin A., Shpanger H.-I., Karaganov S.A., Maksimenko V.I., Kozhokin E.M. , Starovoitova G.V., Vinogradova I.V., Novikov V.I.
European Security in the Changing World: Russia and Germany (An International Conference).. – Polis. Political Studies. 1993. No4

Petrov K.E.,
Structure of the “Terrorism” Concept 130. – Polis. Political Studies. 2003. No4

Bardin A.L.,
The Problem of Migration in German Academic Discourse. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No6

 
 

Archive

   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991