Policy and Arms Control


Oznobishchev S.K.,

Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, serko96@gmail.com

elibrary_id: 251323 |


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2021.06.03
For citation:

Oznobishchev S.K. Policy and Arms Control. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No. 6. P. 26-41. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2021.06.03



Abstract

Throughout the Cold War, the arms race was driven by an ideological confrontation between two superpowers representing two antagonistic social systems, socialism and capitalism. However, at present, representatives of the elites of the United States and Russia are trying to recreate elements of the new “farcical” Cold War leading to Russophobia on the one hand and anti-Westernism on the other. Since the Gorbachev Perestroika era and especially after that, relations between the two countries have gone through several repeating cycles, beginning with hopes of establishing a new type of relations charcaterized by close cooperation and partnership and ending with a period of deterioration in relations. For a number of perfectly rational reasons, the United States and the USSR, as the main conductors and participants in the arms race, initiated the process of arms control, which supposedly acquired its own positive momentum. However, it turned out that this process was tied to the state of political relations and was not capable of achieving positive results without a favorable political environment. As a result of the deterioration in political conditions, progress in various arms control areas, one by one, came to a halt. Moreover, it turned out that the decades-old arms control system may be on the verge of total destruction, which almost became a reality after the Ukrainian crisis of 2014 and, especially, during the Trump presidency. The extension of START III, which took place almost on the verge of a political and negotiating “foul”, raises the question not so much about the technique of compromise on the way to a new treaty, but of how to ensure the continuity and effectiveness of the arms control process, which is a key element of strategic stability. 

Keywords
arms control, crisis, Cold War, Russian-US/Western relations, cooperation, partnership.


References

Legvold R. 2007. Russian Foreign Policy During Periods of Great State Transformation. – Legvold R. (ed). Russian Foreign Policy in the Twenty-First Century and the Shadow of the Past. P. 77-144. New York: Columbia University Press.

Perry W.J. 2015. My Journey at the Nuclear Brink. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. 234 p.

 

Adamishin A. 2016. V raznye gody. Vneshnepoliticheskie ocherki [In Different Years. Foreign Policy Essays]. Мoscow: Ves’ mir. 448 p. (In Russ.)

Antonov A. 2012. Kontrol’ nad vooruzheniyami: istoriya, sostoyanie, perspektivy [Arms Control: History, State, Perspective]. Moscow: ROSSPEN. 245 p. (In Russ.)

Antonov A., Ayumov R. 2012. Kontrol’ nad obychnymi vooruzheniyami v Evrope – konets rezhima ili istoriya s prodolzheniem? [Is Conventional Arms Control in Europe the End of the Regime or a History of Continuing?] Moscow: PIR-Center. 56 p. (In Russ.)

Arbatov A. 2021. Strategicheskaya stabil’nost’ – oruzhie i diplomatiya [Strategic Stability – Weapons and Diplomacy]. Мoscow: Ves’ mir. 430 p. (In Russ.)

Arbatov A., Miller S. 2021. Yadernye opasnosti novoi ery: perspektivy yadernogo vybora Rossii i SShA [Nuclear Perils in a New Era. Bringing Perspective to the Nuclear Choices Facing Russia and the United States]. Moscow: Ves’ mir. 80 p. (In Russ.)

Bobrov A. 2021. Kontseptual’nye osnovy vneshnei politiki Rossii [The Conceptual Foundations of Russia’s Foreign Policy]. Moscow: Aspect press. 223 p. (In Russ.)

Dobrynin A. 1997. Sugubo doveritel’no [Strictly Confidential]. Moscow: Author. 687 p. (In Russ.)

Grinevsky O. 2004. Perelom. Ot Brezhneva k Gorbachevu [Fracture. From Brezhnev to Gorbachev]. Moscow: OLMA-PRESS Obrazovanie. 623 p. (In Russ.)

Kortunov S. 2003. Stanovlenie politiki bezopasnosti [The Formation of a Security Policy]. Moscow: Nauka. 611 p. (In Russ.)

Petrovsky V. 1982. Razoruzhenie: kontseptsiya, problemy, mekhanizm [Disarmament: Concept, Problems, Mechanism]. Moscow: Politizdat. 335 p. (In Russ.) 

Content No. 6, 2021

See also:


Oznobishchev S.K.,
“The New Cold War”: Reminiscences about the Future. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No1

Kazarinova D.B.,
Cold War and Peace: “Russia Against the Rest” and Four World Orders of R. Sakwa. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No4

Arbatov A.G., Arbatova N.K.,
Trump Factor in Russia – US Relations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No3

Gao Shu Qin, Jia Qing Go,
Rebuilding the relations after the end of the cold war. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No6

Arbatov A.G.,
The Ten Aporias of Our Time. The Theory and Practice of Nuclear Deterrence. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No4

 
 

Archive

   2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991