The dual state in Russia:
paraconstitutionalism and parapolitics

Sakwa R.,

Professor of Russian and European Politics, University of Kent, Great Britain,

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For citation:

Sakwa R. The dual state in Russia: paraconstitutionalism and parapolitics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No. 1. P. 8-26. (In Russ.)


A dual state has emerged in Russia, in which the normative/legal system +based on constitutional order is challenged by shadowy arbitrary arrangements, called in this article the “administrative regime”, populated by various conflicting factions. The tension between the two is the defining feature of contemporary Russian politics. Neither can predominate over the other, but the relationship between the two is the critical area in which politics is conducted. The balance between the two pillars has brought contemporary Russia into a condition of stalemate. The forces for renewal and complex political and social modernization are counter-balanced by those maintaining continued administrative management of political processes.


Content No. 1, 2010

See also:

Pastukhov V.B.,
Medvedev and Putin: double-thinking as an alternative to dual power. – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No6

Kryshtanovskaya O.V.,
The formats of russian power. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No1

Rutland P.,
Russia’s Post-Soviet Elite. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No3

Theme of the issue: Russia and Putin. Together again?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No3

Rivera D.W., Rivera Sh.V.,
Yeltsin, Putin and the power of the president. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No3



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