Sociological Diagnostics by Mikhail Gorshkov:
Valid Knowledge of Russian Society, Prognoses of Its Future

Kravchenko S.A.,

Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Head of the Sociological Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations, MFA of Russia; Principal Researcher, Institute of Sociology, Federal Center of Theoretical and Applied Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

elibrary_id: 77019 |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2017.02.13
For citation:

Kravchenko S.A. Sociological Diagnostics by Mikhail Gorshkov: Valid Knowledge of Russian Society, Prognoses of Its Future. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No. 2. P. 183-191. (In Russ.).


The author of this article shows that many Russian and foreign sociologists believe the main function of sociology is the diagnostics of the society and offer tools for its analysis. In this context, the exclusive theoretical and methodological tools of sociological diagnosis developed by Mikhail Gorshkov, a full member of RAS, occupy a special place and combine interdisciplinary and contextual approaches. Their application made it possible to obtain valid results of real conditions of Russia over the past quarter of a century, on the basis of which a forecast of its future is given taking into account the current global and national realities. M. Gorshkov proposes a rethinking of the Russian development strategy along with its reorientation on the realization of socio-economic tasks and on the achievement of the humanitarian goals of social development. Accordingly, new management is in demand including an essential social and humanitarian component of the development and the reproduction of social and human capital on the basis of highly developed areas of science, culture, and education. The diagnostics tools identify and justify the means of optimizing the social life of Russians. These means include: socio-humanitarian expertise; the conditions for free activity of individuals; national version of the democratic system ensuring the reproduction of social trust in political institutions; the establishment of education as a means to meet the challenges of Russia; humanization of the economy aimed at building social and human capital. According to the M. Gorshkov’s sociological diagnostics, the Russian society has become complex, more differentiated and multi-layered with a permanent process of technological and socio-cultural renewal; actually, the Russians formed their awareness of belonging to the European and the Eurasian worlds. 

M. Gorshkov; Russia; sociological exploring survey data; interdisciplinary and contextual approaches; socio-humanitarian expertise; strategic development of society; humanitarian ends; future.


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Content No. 2, 2017

See also:

Kravchenko S.A.,
Why Innovative Knowledge About Russian Society Is in Such a Demand. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No4

Gorshkov M.K.,
On a new academic journal: «Sociological science and social practice». – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No5

Latov Yu.V.,
Russian Society: Responses to the Challenges of Time. – Polis. Political Studies. 2015. No4

Chugrov S.V.,
Mikhail Gorshkov’s experience of social diagnostics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No6

Tsipko A.S.,
Axioms of strategic thinking. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4



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