Revolutionary Waves of the Second Half of the 20th Century: an Interplay between Geopolitics, Violence, and Legitimacy

Revolutionary Waves of the Second Half of the 20th Century:
an Interplay between Geopolitics, Violence, and Legitimacy

Rozov N.S.,

Professor, Principal Researcher, Institute for Philosophy and Law (Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences); Head of Department for Social Philosophy and Political Science, Novosibirsk State University (NSU); Professor, Novosibirsk State Technical University,

elibrary_id: 72298 | ORCID: 0000-0003-2362-541X | RESEARCHER_ID: K-5447-2017

Pustovoit Yu.A.,

Associate Professor, Department of Political Science and Technology, Siberian Institute of Management (Novosibirsk, The Branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration),

elibrary_id: 416812 | ORCID: 0000-0002-0934-2723 | RESEARCHER_ID: T-2766-2019

Filippov S.I.,

Deputy Director of the Institute for the Humanities of Novosibirsk State University (NSU),

elibrary_id: 113556 |

Tsygankov V.V.,

Associate Professor, Specialized Educational-Scientific Center of the Novosibirsk State University (NSU),

elibrary_id: 542658 |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2019.02.03

For citation:

Rozov N.S., Pustovoit Yu.A., Filippov S.I., Tsygankov V.V. Revolutionary Waves of the Second Half of the 20th Century: an Interplay between Geopolitics, Violence, and Legitimacy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No. 2. P. 24-40. (In Russ.).


Revolutionary waves that unite successive interrelated revolutions represent macro-political wholes, which, on the one hand, have their own patterns of dynamics; on the other hand, they are included in regional and world processes. The article presents the conceptual framework of the approach, the main hypotheses about the dynamics of the revolutionary waves in these aspects, as well as the reasons for the characteristics of several waves of the second half of the 20th century: in Africa and the Caribbean Gulf approx. 1960, in Southeast Asia, 1950-1960s, in Central Europe in the late 1980s. Waves are influenced by geopolitical tensions, ideological trends, but they themselves change geopolitics, geo-economics, geo-culture on the corresponding continent or even in the whole world. Individual revolutions in each wave and the waves themselves are characterized by very different levels of violence. Sometimes they are affected by civil and/or international wars; sometimes they are rather peaceful. Post-revolutionary regimes are recognized to varying degrees by opposing coalitions of powers as well as by global international organizations. This is always connected with positions in ideological struggle, with political and military support, as well as with the scale of homicide, and (non)justification of the admitted violence. Thus, geopolitics, violence and legitimacy of revolutionary waves constitute a single dynamic complex with regularities that are revealed on the historical data mentioned above 

revolutionary waves, geopolitics, ideology, the cold war, communist revolutions, velvet revolutions, the level of violence in revolutions, the legitimacy of political regimes, postrevolutionary regimes.


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Content No. 2, 2019

See also:

Nisnevich Yu.A., Ryabov A.V.,
Modern Authoritarianism and Political Ideology. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No4

Rozov N.S.,
Crisis and Revolutions: Fields of Interaction, Actors’ Strategies, and Trajectories of Conflict Dynamics. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No6

Goldstone J.A., Grinin L.Ye., Korotayev A.V.,
Waves of revolutions in the 21st century. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No4

Rozov N.S.,
The Vector of Russian 1917 Revolution: Modernization or Counter-Modernization?. – Polis. Political Studies. 2017. No2

Pantin I.K.,
To the question of the character of the October revolution. – Polis. Political Studies. 2013. No6



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