Sinews of War & Nerves of Peace:
Hybrid Metamorphosis. Methodological and Prognostic Aspects of the Post-Modernity Co-Existence

Neklessa A.I.,

Head of the “North – South” Group at the Center for Civilizational and Regional Studies, Institute for African Studies, the Russian Academy of Sciences; Head of the Commission on Socio-Cultural Issues of Globalization, member of the Bureau of the Academic Council “History of the World Culture” at the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences,

elibrary_id: 74629 |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2019.04.11
Rubric: DIXI!

For citation:

Neklessa A.I. Sinews of War & Nerves of Peace: Hybrid Metamorphosis. Methodological and Prognostic Aspects of the Post-Modernity Co-Existence. – Polis. Political Studies. 2019. No. 4. P. 149-164. (In Russ.).


Hybrid society is a “big problem” for civilization and one of the possible defining features of the world order of the 21st century. Policy, economy, culture, war and peace, and other group interactions merge into a sophisticated continuum. Strategic advantage goes to systems able to operate efficiently in complex situations. Socio-cultural gravity (geo-culture) dominates in the world with elastic, liquid architecture. Proactive personality, private enterprises, and partnerships replace rigid, bureaucratic institutions, as well as the uprising of the elite replaces riots of the masses. The heterogeneity of Oecumene is connected not only with different levels of social and technological development. Agricultural, industrial, postindustrial societies differently adapt to critical circumstances. Military conflicts in recent times have taken placed mostly in the Afroasian zone of instability: Syrian maze, so-called “Islamic State”, Yemen, turbulent Libya, clashes in a number of states in Black Africa etc. This synthesis of military and civilian practices risks establishing itself as a new socio-political reality and cultural norm. A sophisticated hybrid world undermines the political consensus and the moral imperative of Modernity. Nuclear weapons may become an umbrella for corrupted actions. A glitch in the credibility of the security contracts can lead to the bankruptcy of the organization of the international community. 

hybrid society, civilization, world order, transformation, hybrid war, armed forces, national security, strategy, evolution.


Breedlove Ph.M. 2016. NATO’s Next Act. – Foreign Affairs. Vol. 95. No. 4. July/August. URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

Fukuyama F. 1992. The End of History and the Last Man. N.Y.: Free Press. 446 р.

Khalaji M. 2008. Apocalyptic Politics: On the Rationality of Iranian Policy. – Policy Focus. No. 79. Washington: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy. 42 p. URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

King A., Schneider B. 1993. The First Global Revolution. A Report by the Council of the Club of Rome. N.Y.: Pantheon Books. 259 p.

Lasch C. 1994. The Revolt of the Elites: And the Betrayal of Democracy. New York; London; W.W. Norton & Company. 276 p.


“Bolshie vizovi” – stimul dlya razvitiya nauki. 2016. Panelnaya sessiya. Peterburgskiy mezhdunarodniy ekonomicheskiy forum. June 16. Saint Petersburg. 19 p. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

Clausewitz K. 2007. Vom Kriege. (Russ. ed.: Clausewitz K. О voyne. Moscow: EKSMO, Midgard. 458 p.)

Hobbes Т. 1991. Leviathan. (Russ. ed.: Hobbes Т. Leviafan, ili Materiya, forma i vlast’ gosudarstva cerkovnogo I grazhdanskogo. – Hobbes Т. Sochineniya. Vol. 2. Moscow: Mysl’. 736 p.)

Korotaev A.V., Issaev L.M. 2014. Formirovaniye “afraziyskoy” zoni nestabilnosti [The Formation of “Afro-Asiatic” Zone of Instability]. – Arabskiy krizis i ego mezhdunarodniye posledstviya [“Arab Crisis” and Its International Consequences]. Moscow: LENAND. P. 206-227. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

Messner Е.E. 2005. Myatezh – imya Tretiei Vsemirnoy. Hochesh mira, pobedi myatezhevoinu! [Rebellion is the Name of the Third World War. You Want Peace, Defeat The Mutiny-War!]. Rossiyskiy voenniy sbornik. Vol. 21. Moscow: Voyenniy universitet, Russkiy put’. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

Neklessa A.I. 2015. The Heart of Darkness: Traumatic Inclusion. – Actual Problems of Economics and Law. No. 2. P. 280-295. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).

Neklessa A.I. 2018. The Crises of History. The World as an Unfinished Project. – Polis. Political Studies. № 1. P. 80-95. (In Russ.)

Nietzsche F. 1990. Böse Weisheit. (Russ. ed.: Nietzsche F. Zlaya mudroct’. – Sochineniya. Vol. 1. Moscow: Mysl’. 830 p.)

Ortega y Gasset J. 2000. La rebelión de las masas. (Russ. ed.: Ortega y Gasset J. Vosstanie. – Izbrannye trudy. 2-e izd. Moscow: Ves Mir Publishers. 704 p.)

Polanyi K. 2002. The Great Transformation. (Russ. ed.: Polanyi K. Velikaya transformaciya: politicheskie i ekonomicheskie istoki nashego vremeni. St. Petersburg: Aletheia. 440 p.)

Tzymbursky V.L. 1996. Ultra-Long War Cycles and World Politics. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 3. P. 27-55. (In Russ.) URL: (accessed 03.03.2019).    

Content No. 4, 2019

See also:

Sheynis V.L.,
Russia’s national security. durability trial. Part II. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No1

Ponamaryova A.M., Tatuntz S.A.,
Immigration as problem of national security of the RF. – Polis. Political Studies. 2010. No4

Round Table of the «Polis» Journal, Yegorov V.K., Bel’kov O.A., Deryugin Yu.I., Barabin V.V., Vikulov S.F., Rodachin V.M., Serebryannikov V.V.,
Armed forces: Are They Political Forces?. – Polis. Political Studies. 1992. No3

Sheynis V.L.,
Russia’s national security. Durability trial (Part 1). – Polis. Political Studies. 2009. No5

Analytical Report by the Institute of Sociology, RAS,
Russia’s national security in experts eyes. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No3



   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991