Political Theory of Decolonization:
Essentials of Modern Reading
Doctor of Economics, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia, firstname.lastname@example.org
elibrary_id: 462164 | ORCID: 0000-0001-5416-6709 | RESEARCHER_ID: ABA-9616-2020
Doctor of Economics, Institute for African Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia, email@example.com
elibrary_id: 626017 | ORCID: 0000-0001-8394-0214 |
Fituni L.L., Abramova I.O. Political Theory of Decolonization: Essentials of Modern Reading. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 6. P. 26-40. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.06.03
The article was prepared with the support of the grant from St. Petersburg State University No. 26520757 “Innovative methodologies for ensuring information security of the Russian Federation”.
The article analyses the evolution and partial rethinking of the political theory of decolonization in the context of the profound changes that have occurred since the adoption in 1960 of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples by the 15th session of the UN General Assembly, at the initiative of the USSR. With the need for both the ontological and epistemological reassessment of the processes that have evolved and developed over the past 60 years in the current stage of global political relations, in the contexts of uncompleted decolonization and the preservation of elements of coloniality in international relations as a whole globally, but also in many countries of the former colonial periphery domestically, the authors believe this rethinking is thus justified. In this regard, the authors give their critical assessment of the modern research field of decolonization, analyzing the key theoretical doctrines, concepts, and schools of thought – postcolonialism, decoloniality, subalternity, etc. As a result of their critical analysis, it is concluded that in political science, the main focus of modern theoretical works on decolonization has shifted from the previous focus on theoretical issues and the practical agenda of politics, economics, and state building to less tangible areas (information sphere, science, culture, art, language and etc.) or deeply subjective domains (consciousness, selfidentification, representation, memory). Basing on generalizing the practical experience, history, results, and consequences of decolonization, the authors systematize the evolution of coloniality in international relations and the global economy in recent times, the authors offer their own three-element taxonomy of the transformation. They distinguish the following three stages of the development and qualitative metamorphoses of coloniality: a) the version that existed under the condition of the classical colonial domination of European nations at the end of the 19th and the first half of the 20th century; b) the coloniality of neocolonialism, dominant since the middle of the 20th century to the dissolution of the Socialist (Soviet) Block; and c) the current type formed under and by the conditions of globalization. The logical next step towards post-neo-colonialism is the challenge of a new decolonization, whose basic goals would be a multiplicity of development options, the inviolability and preservation of the existing systems of values, freedom of the choice in selecting paths, and models of development, cultures, science, and language.
Bhabha H.K. 1994. The Location of Culture. London, New York: Routledge. 285 p.
Castro-Gomez S., Mendieta E. 1998. Teorias sin disciplina (latinoamericanismo, poscolonialidad y globalizacion en debate). Mexico: Miguel Angel Porrua. URL: http://people.duke.edu/~wmignolo/interactiveCv/Publications/teoriassindisciplina.pdf (accessed 08.07.2020).
Chakrabarty D. 2000a. Provincializing Europe: Postcolonial Thought and Historical Difference. Princeton; Oxford: Princeton Univ. Press. 301 p.
Chakrabarty D. 2000b. Subaltern Studies and Postcolonial Historiography. – Nepantla: Views from South. Vol. 1. No. 1. P. 9-32.
Dussel E. 1996. The Underside of Modernity: Apel, Ricoeur, Rorty, Taylor, and the Philosophy of Liberation. Amherst, N.Y.: Humanity Books. xxxi, 248 p.
Fanon F. Sartre J-P. 1961. Les Damnes de la Terre. Paris: Francois Maspero. 242 p.
Fanon F. 1952. Peau noire, masques blancs. Paris: Le Seuil, Points. 224 p.
Globalization and the Decolonial Option. 2013. Ed. by W. Mignolo, A. Escobar. Abingdon: Routledge. 414 p.
Grosfoguel R., Maldonado-Torres N., Saldivar J.D. 2006. Latin@s in the World-System. Decolonization Struggles in the 21st Century U.S. Empire. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers.
Lumumba P. 1963. La pensee politique de Patrice Lumumba. Ed. by J.V. Lierde. Paris: Presence Africaine. 401 p.
Nkrumah K. 1964. Consciencism: Philosophy and the Ideology for Decolonization. London: Heinemann. 122 p.
Nyerere J. 1968. Ujamaa. Essays on Socialism. Arusha: OUP. 188 p.
Quijano A. 2000. Coloniality of Power, Knowledge, and Latin America. – Nepantla: Views from South. No. 1. P. 533-580.
Quijano A. 2007. Coloniality and Modernity / Rationality. – Cultural Studies. Vol. 21. No. 2-3. P. 168-178. https://doi.org/10.1080/09502380601164353
Quijano A., Wallerstein I. 1992. Americanity as Concept: Or the Americas in the Modern World-System. – International Social Science Journal. Vol. 131. P. 549-557.
Said E. 1979. Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient. London: Vintage. 414 p.
Senghor L. 1964. Liberte, tome 1. Negritude et humanisme. Discours, Conferences. Paris: Le Seuil. 448 p.
Spivak G.Ch. 1989. Subaltern Studies: Deconstructing Historiography. – Selected Subaltern Studies. Ed. by R. Guha, G.Ch. Spivak. New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. P. 3-32.
Strang D. 1991. Global Patterns of Decolonization, 1500-1987. – International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 35. No. 4. P. 429-454. https://doi.org/10.2307/2600949
Abramova I.O., Fituni L.L. 2018. The African Segment of Multipolar World: Dynamics of Geostrategic Significancy. – World Economy and International Relations. Vol. 62. No. 12. P. 5-14. (In Russ.)
Entin M.L., Entina E.G., Torkunova E.A. 2019. New Phase of Decolonization: From Formal Sovereignty to Real One. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 1. P. 124-135. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2019.01.09
Fituni L.L. 2020. The Coronavirus and “The End of History”. – Journal of the Institute for African Studies. No. 2 (51). P. 5-13. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.31132/2412-5717-2020-51-2-5-13
Gaman-Golutvina O.V. 2016. Рolitical Science as a Metadisciplinary Matrix. – International Trends. Vol. 14. No. 1. P. 86-94. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17994/IT.2016.14.1.44.7
Semenenko I.S. 2019. Politika identichnosti i politika razvitiya: smena paradigm [Identity Politics and Development Politics: A Paradigm Shift]. – Trayektorii politicheskogo razvitiya Rossii: instituty, proyekty, aktory [Trajectories of Russia’s Political Development: Institutions, Projects, Actors]. Moscow: MPGU. (In Russ.)
Tlostanova M.V. 2011. Decolonial Knowledge and Overcoming Disciplinary. – Epistemology and Philosophy of Science. Vol. 27. No. 1. P. 84-100. (In Russ.)
Political theory. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No3
“Out of the Ghetto”: On the Contribution of Post-Soviet/Russian Studies to Contemporary Political Science. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No1
Postcoloniality as a fractal aspect of postmodernity: subject, methodology, forecast (The 70th anniversary of Alfred Sauvy’s article “Three Worlds, One Planet”). – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No2
Contradictory nature of nationalism. – Polis. Political Studies. 2011. No6
On the Shore of the Empire: A Critical Evaluation of Hardt and Negri Based on the Concepts of Imperialism and the People. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No2