А "Philosophy to Come" in International Relations: Fred Dallmayr's Apophatic Democracy

А "Philosophy to Come" in International Relations:
Fred Dallmayr's Apophatic Democracy

Kocherov O.S.,

Institute of Philosophy, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, netherdead@yandex.ru

elibrary_id: 994679 |

DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.06.12

For citation:

Kocherov O.S. А "Philosophy to Come" in International Relations: Fred Dallmayr's Apophatic Democracy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No. 6. P. 163-172. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.06.12


This paper attempts to analyze Fred Dallmayr’s intellectual heritage through the lens of international relations philosophy. The author considers issues related to the construction of international relations philosophy as an independent discipline in the context of multiplicity of philosophies in contemporary world. As the volume “Cosmopolitan Civility: Global-Local Reflections with Fred Dallmayr” – a dialogue amongst scholars of various cultural backgrounds sharing Dallmayr’s views – elaborates Dallmayr’s notion of apophatic democracy, this paper contributes to the discussion by analyzing this concept as a local and global political ideal. The author examines the resources that non-Western cultures may use to conceptualize and practise apophatic democracy, and investigates the strengths of apophatic democracy as against liberal and agonistic democracy models from the standpoint of international relations theory. It is suggested that non-Western countries should employ not only their mainstream philosophical traditions when articulating domestic and external policies, but other schools of thought as well. Apophatic democracy may be regarded as a potential ethical ideal of world politics: its achievement is rooted in the reconceptualization of contemporary international relations theories within the framework of a global philosophy of international relations “to come” that would include non-Western epistemological, ethical, and other relevant philosophical notions. An example of such reconceptualization in international relations is E. Dussel’s idea of three constituents of political space: human relations, political actors, and the common good as the political goal. 

Fred Dallmayr, international relations philosophy, non-Western IR theories, apophatic democracy, liberal democracy, agonistic democracy.


Acharya A. 2014. Global International Relations (IR) and Regional Worlds: A New Agenda for International Studies. – International Studies Quarterly. Vol. 58. No. 4. P. 647-659. https://doi.org/10.1111/isqu.12171

Beiner R. 2018. Dangerous Minds: Nietzsche, Heidegger, and the Return of the Far Right. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. 176 p.

Brown C. 2017. Political Thought, International Relations Theory and International Political Theory: An Interpretation. – International Relations. Vol. 31. P. 227-240. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047117817723062

Cosmopolitan Civility. 2020. Global-Local Reflections with Fred Dallmayr. Ed. by R. Abbey. New York: SUNY. 214 p.

Dallmayr F. 2017. Democracy to Come: Politics as Relational Praxis. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 180 p.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science. 2011. Ed. by R.E. Goodin. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1291 p.

Wenman M. 2013. Agonistic Democracy: Constituent Power in the Era of Globalisation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 334 p.

Yan Xuetong. 2011. Ancient Chinese Thought, Modern Chinese Power. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 300 p.

Yan Xuetong. 2008. Xun Zi’s Thoughts on International Politics and Their Implications. – Chinese Journal of International Politics. Vol. 2. No. 1. P. 135-165. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjip/pon005


Alekseeva T.A. 2017. “The West” and “Non-West” in the Space of International Relations Theory. – Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. No. 2. P. 217-232. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.22363/2313-0660-2017-17-2-217-232

Alekseeva T.A. 2019. Teoriya mezhdunarodnyh otnosheniy kak politicheskaya filosofiya i nauka [International Relations Theory as Political Philosophy and Science]. Moscow: Aspect Press. 608 p. (In Russ.)

Batalov E. 2005. O filosofii mezhdunarodnyh otnosheniy [On Philosophy of International Relations]. Moscow: Nauchno-obrazovatelnyi forum po mezhdunarodnym otnosheniyam. 132 p. (In Russ.)

Bogaturov A.D., Voitolovsky F.G., Kosolapov N.A., Cheshkov M.A., Mezhuev V.M., Fedotova V.G. 2004. Philosophy of International Relations: Is There Any or Should Be? – International Trends. Vol. 2. No.1. P. 43-54. (In Russ.)

Cheshkov M.A. 2005. International Relations Philosophy: A Discipline? – International Trends. Vol. 3. No. 2. P. 135-139. (In Russ.)

Dallmayr F. 2006. Empire or Cosmopolis: Civilization at a Crossroads (trans. from English by S.E. Beaver). – Vestnik RUDN. Series: Philosophy. No. 1. P. 5-27.

Dallmayr F. 2009. In Search of the Good Life: A Pedagogy for Troubled Times. (Russ. ed.: Dallmayr F. V poiskakh dostoinoy zhizni. Moscow: Dialog tsivilizatsii).

Filosofiya mezhdunarodnyh otnosheniy: ot teorii k praktike [International Relations Philosophy: From Theory to Practice]. 2016. Ed. by S.N. Pogodin, I.D. Osipov. St. Petersburg: Izdatelstvo Politehnicheskogo Universiteta. 232 p. (In Russ.)

Glinichikova A.G., Verevskaya A.V. 2019. On the Other Side Is the Global Mess. – Age of Globalization. No.1. P. 134-142. https://doi.org/10.30884/vglob/2019.01.12

Grachikov E.N. 2019. Formation of the Chinese School of International Relations: Analytical Approaches and Research Methods. – Vestnik RUDN. International Relations. No. 2. P. 187-200. (In Russ.) https://www.doi.org/10.22363/2313-0660-2019-19-2-187-200

Kocherov O.S. 2018. Playing Geopolitics: “Management of Chaos” in the Grand Chess Board versus “Establishing Order” on the Great Weiqi Board. – Age of Globalization. No. 2. P. 57-71. https://doi.org/10.30884/vglob/2018.02.05

Konfutcianskoe “Chetveroknizhiye” (“Sishu”) [The Confucian “Four Books” (“Si Shu”)]. Ed. by L.S. Perelomov. 2004. Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura. 431 p. (In Russ.)

Sayamov Yu.N. 2018. On Philosophy, Values and Meanings of International Relations. – Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 27. Globalistics and Geopolitics. No. 1. P. 68-81. (In Russ.)

Vasilyeva N.A., Lagutina M.L. 2012. On the Issue of World Politics Philosophy. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 2. P. 62-69. (In Russ.) URL: https://www.politstudies.ru/article/4535 (accessed 09.10.2020).

Voskressenski A.D. 2013. World regional studies and the prospects of non-western (sinocized) international relations (IR) theory. – Polis. Political Studies. No. 6. P. 82-96. (In Russ.) URL: https://www.politstudies.ru/article/4782 (accessed 09.10.2020).

Content No. 6, 2020

See also:

Alekseyeva T.A., Lebedeva M.M.,
What Is Happening to the Theory of International Relations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2016. No1

Lebedeva T.P.,
Liberal Democracy as Orienting Objective for Post-Totalitarian Transformations. – Polis. Political Studies. 2004. No2

Inozemtzev V.L.,
«Preventive democracy»: concept. prerequisites of emergence. prospects for Russia. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No6

Mirage of democracy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2014. No6

Pabst A.,
Civilization and Liberal Democracy. – Polis. Political Studies. 2021. No4



Introducing an article

Polis. Political Studies
2 2013

Yanitsky O.N.
V.I. Vernadsky. Politician, historian, public figure

 Полный текст


   2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991