Benefits of using Alexander Bogdanov’s organizational theory in explaining the transformations of the European Union

Benefits of using Alexander Bogdanov’s organizational theory in explaining the transformations of the European Union


Moiseeva D.E.,

Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, moiseeva.d17@gmail.com


elibrary_id: 836089 | ORCID: 0000-0003-1575-4019 | RESEARCHER_ID: G-1627-2017

Article received: 2021.08.12. Accepted: 2022.06.10


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2023.03.04
EDN: TMPOVI


For citation:

Moiseeva D.E. Benefits of using Alexander Bogdanov’s organizational theory in explaining the transformations of the European Union. – Polis. Political Studies. 2023. No. 3. P. 39-49. (In Russ.). https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2023.03.04. EDN: TMPOVI



Abstract

The current development crises of the European Union (EU) reveals at least a slowdown in the pace of integration, if not ia rollback on common policies. The seeming lack of connection between events like Brexit, European debt crisis or the rise of Eurosceptic parties, leads to their isolation as subjects of research. However, there is an alternative view that all these events are different manifestations of a single process which is consistent with a deep transformation of the EU political system. Transformation implies both integration and disintegration. In this article, organizational theory (tectology) is presented from the perspective of applying the concepts proposed by Alexander Bogdanov to the processes of change in the united Europe. Classical theories of European integration are limited because they focus on the drivers of integration rather than disintegration. With the politicization of integration, growth of its influence on everyday life of European citizens and changes in the EU itself, a demand appeared for a new theory that could explain these changes (including crises). The article analyzes modern theoretical and methodological approaches in European studies, including postfunctionalism. The blind side of postfunctionalism is its extensive expansion of the subject field. Despite the predominance of this theory in modern European studies, it is not a system theory, meaning that another turn of EU transformation will require a new theory to explain it. The organizational theory of A. Bogdanov, being a system theory, is able to provide the necessary assumption and concepts in order to explain crisis phenomena (including disintegration) as part of a larger process. A distinctive feature of Bogdanov’s tectology is considering a (political) system as a “living” creature capable of self-regulation and adaptation. This approach to the study of democratic political systems seems to yield better insights in the functioning of the modern International Relations system.

Keywords
disintegration, transformation, European Union, theories of integration, postfunctionalism, Bogdanov, tectology, organizational theory.


References

Bartolini, S. (2005). Restructuring Europe: centre formation, system building, and political structuring between the nation state and the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

De Vries, C.E. (2018). Euroscepticism and the future of European integration. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eppler, A., Anders, L.H., & Tuntschew, T. (2016). Europe’s political, social, and economic (dis-) integration: revisiting the elephant in times of crisis. IHS Political Science Series. Working Paper No. 143.

Gare, A. 2000. Aleksandr Bogdanov and systems theory. Democracy & Nature, 6(3), 341-359. https://doi.org/10.1080/10855660020020230

Hirschman, A.O. (1970). Exit, voice and loyalty: responses to decline in firms, organizations and states. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hix, S. (2008). What’s wrong with the Europe Union and how to fix it. New York, NY: Polity.

Hooghe, L., & Marks, G. (2009). A postfunctionalist theory of European integration: from permissive consensus to constraining dissensus. British Journal of Political Science, 39(1), 1-23. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007123408000409

Jachtenfuchs, M., & Kasack, C. (2017). Balancing sub-unit autonomy and collective problem-solving by varying exit and voice. An analytical framework. Journal of European Public Policy, 24(4), 598-614. https://doi.org/10.1080/13501763.2016.1273376

Leuffen, D., Rittberger, B., & Schimmelfennig, F. (2022). Integration and differentiation in the European Union: theory and policies. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-76677-1

Rokkan, S. (1999). State formation, nation-building and mass politics in Europe: The Theory of Stein Rokkan. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 422 p.

Taylor, P. (2008). The end of European integration: anti-Europeanism examined. London: Routledge.

Wiener, A., Börzel, T.A., & Risse, T. (2009). European integration theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

 

Arbatova, N.K., & Kokeev, A.M. (Ed.). (2020). Strategicheskaya avtonomiya ES i perspektivy sotrudnichestva s Rossiei [EU strategic autonomy and prospects for cooperation with Russia]. Moscow: Ves' Mir. (In Russ.)

Babynina, L.O. (2017). Integratsionnye formaty v Evrope i predely evropeizatsii [Integration formats in Europe and the limits of Europeanization]. In A.A. Gromyko, & V.P. Fedorov (Ed.), Evropa XXI veka: novye riski i vyzovy [Europe of the XXI century: new risks and challenges] (pp. 145-162). Moscow: Nestor-Istoriya. (In Russ.)

Bazhan, A.I. (2018). Perspektivy evrointegratsii: valyutno-finansovye aspekty [Prospects for European integration: monetary and financial aspects]. Moscow: IE RAS. (In Russ.)

Bogdanov, A.A. (1989). Tektologiya: vseobshchaya organizatsionnaya nauka. Moscow: Ekonomika. V 2-h tt. T. 2. 304 p. (In Russ.)

Butorina, O.V. (2020). The shrinking of the European Union and its integration capability. Contemporary Europe, 2, 20-32. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15211/soveurope220202032

Entin, M.L. (2020). Unalternative character of EU development. Contemporary Europe, 4, 25-36. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.15211/soveurope420202536

Loktionov, M. (2016). Alexander Bogdanov – the founder of General systems theory. Philosophy of Science and Technology, 21(2), 80-96. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.21146/2413-9084-2016-21-2-80-96

Moiseev, N.N. (1995). A.A. Bogdanov’s tektology – contemporary prospects. Voprosy filosofii, 8, 8-13. (In Russ.)

Potemkina, O.Yu. (2019). After the Crisis: “A New Start” of the EU Migration Policy. Contemporary Europe, 6, 18-29. (In Russ.) http://dx.doi.org/10.15211/soveurope620191829

Strezhneva, M.V. (2020). Systems approach in international research: on the applicability of the theoretical heritage of Alexander Bogdanov. Polis. Political Studies, 4, 112-123. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.04.08 

Content No. 3, 2023

See also:


Strezhneva M.V.,
Systems Approach in International Research: on the Applicability of the Theoretical Heritage of Alexander Bogdanov. – Polis. Political Studies. 2020. No4

Inoguchi T.,
Political theory. – Polis. Political Studies. 2012. No3

Fadeyeva L.A.,
Twists of European Integration. – Polis. Political Studies. 2018. No5

Strezhneva M.V.,
Make-up of fiscal integration in the European Union. – Polis. Political Studies. 2024. No2

Borovsky Yu.V., Shishkina O.V.,
The EU's energy policy and its driving forces. – Polis. Political Studies. 2022. No3

 

   

Introducing an article



Polis. Political Studies
5 2002


Tuzikov A.R.
Mass-Media: Visible and Invisible Ideology

 
(электронная версия)
 

Archive

   2024      2023      2022      2021   
   2020      2019      2018      2017      2016   
   2015      2014      2013      2012      2011   
   2010      2009      2008      2007      2006   
   2005      2004      2003      2002      2001   
   2000      1999      1998      1997      1996   
   1995      1994      1993      1992      1991