Выйти из “гетто”:
о вкладе постсоветских исследований/Russian Studies в современную политическую науку


Мельвиль А. Ю.,

Доктор философских наук, декан факультета социальных наук, Национальный исследовательский университет “Высшая школа экономики”, andreymelville@gmail.com

elibrary_id: 251142 | ORCID: 0000-0002-1414-5783 | RESEARCHER_ID: B-1152-2014


DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2020.01.03
Правильная ссылка на статью:

Мельвиль А. Ю. Выйти из “гетто”: о вкладе постсоветских исследований/Russian Studies в современную политическую науку. – Полис. Политические исследования. 2020. № 1. С. 22-43. https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2020.01.03


В основе этой статьи – доклад автора на международной конференции Regime Evolution, Institutional Change and Social Transformation in Russia: Lessons for Political Science (Yale University, April 27-28, 2018). Автор выражает искреннюю благодарность за замечания и советы М. Ильину, И. Локшину, Б. Макаренко, О. Малиновой, М. Миронюку, Н. Петрову, Д. Слайдеру, С. Фишу, Л. Уэю и другим коллегам, с которыми обсуждалась рукопись этой статьи, в том числе в ходе неформальных семинаров в департаменте политической науки НИУ ВШЭ. Благодарность также анонимным рецензентам, чьи критические замечания я постарался, насколько возможно, учесть при доработке текста.

Аннотация

Статья посвящена анализу взаимовлияний между постсоветскими/российскими исследованиями (Russian Studies) последних трех десятилетий, с одной стороны, и динамикой современной политической науки в целом и сравнительной политологии, в частности, — с другой. На материале аналитического обзора публикаций по проблематике (1) предпосылок демократии и демократизации, (2) авторитарной модернизации без демократических реформ, (3) возможностей и ограничений институционального подхода, (4) роли государства и государственной состоятельности, (5) разновидностей постсоветского авторитаризма и (6) субнациональных измерений постсоветской политики обосновывается вывод о конструктивном использовании в постсоветских исследованиях общих политологических теоретико-методологических новаций,а также обсуждается вклад этих исследований в развитие современной политической компаративистики и политической науки в целом.  

Ключевые слова
постсоветские исследования, Russian Studies, политическая наука, сравнительная политология, демократизация, авторитаризм, модернизация, политические институты, государственная состоятельность, субнациональные политические процессы.


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