Парадокс демократических режимов:
хрупкость и изменяемость (II)


Эйзенштадт Ш. Н.,

Профессор



DOI: 10.17976/jpps/2002.03.08
Рубрика: ТЕЗАУРУС

Правильная ссылка на статью:

Эйзенштадт Ш. Н. Парадокс демократических режимов: хрупкость и изменяемость (II). – Полис. Политические исследования. 2002. № 3. С. 81-95. https://doi.org/10.17976/jpps/2002.03.08


Аннотация

Во второй части статьи (начало см. "Полис", 2002, № 2) автор обосновывает тезис о том, что уязвимость конституционно- демократических режимов связана с открытостью политического процесса в конституционных демократиях (особенно по отношению к протестным движениям) и сопутствующей этому тенденцией к постоянной переоценке сферы политического. По его заключению, эта открытость - главная причина хрупкости современных демократических режимов, но она же обеспечивает непрерывность их существования. Потенциал непрерывности обусловлен тем, что сама открытость современного политического процесса способна дать толчок к формированию представления о политике как об "игре" с ненулевой суммой, когда выигрыш одной стороны не равнозначен проигрышу другой. Затем автор анализирует условия, при которых может возникнуть подобное понимание политики, акцентируя внимания на вопросах (1) зарождения, выработки и воспроизводства доверия между отдельными секторами общества; (2) отношения этих секторов к центрам общества, а также (3) построения различных типов коллективной идентичности. 

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